Canadians gave their government the mandate of implementing a national price of carbon during the last election, recalled Friday, the prime minister Justin Trudeau, and that is exactly what he will do.
“The pollution should not be free across the country,” said Mr. Trudeau at an event in Windsor, Ontario.
He made these comments after the opposition of the provinces to plan for carbon pricing had taken on more significance this week when the Manitoba government has suddenly done an about-turn on his intention to impose a carbon price of $ 25 per tonne this autumn.
The first minister of Manitoba, Brian Pallister, has explained that he withdrew because he could not get Ottawa to the promise that the federal government would not force Manitoba to increase the price and he didn’t want to run the risk of seeing the federal government impose its own additional tax on the carbon.
Last spring, Ottawa has adopted a law giving him the authority to impose a carbon price to any other province not having hers as of January 1, 2019. It starts at a minimum of $ 20 per ton, increasing $ 10 per year until 2022.
All provinces were required to submit their projects to the review of the federal by 1 September, and the minister of the Environment, Catherine McKenna, told The canadian Press that the examinations were continuing. Any province that does not comply with the federal standard will be subject to a carbon price the federal on most sources of fuel, such as gasoline and natural gas ; the major emitters are required to adhere to an industrial plan which limit the emissions by the industry and applies the carbon price to emissions that surpass the limits.
When the act was presented in the framework of the law of execution of the budget in march, it was believed that Saskatchewan could be the only province where this would be necessary. The first minister Scott Moe application to the courts to decide if Ottawa has the jurisdiction to impose a carbon tax to the province against his will.
The new progressive conservative government of Ontario, led by the prime minister, Doug Ford, has put an end to the system of cap-and-trade of this province in July and has launched its own legal challenge of the plan of Ottawa.
The master plan presented by the Île-du-Prince-Édouard did not include carbon tax and the prime minister Wade MacLauchlan said that his province had a plan to achieve its emissions reduction targets without such a measure.
The New Brunswick government is changing after the recent elections, but the current premier, Brian Gallant has the intention of trying to rename a portion of the tax on existing gasoline instead of creating a new tax on carbon, and the leader of the conservative party Blaine Higgs, who could become prime minister, said that he refuses a price for carbon and will join the pursuit if it takes power.
Even the first minister of Alberta, Rachel Notley, who has put in place its own system of carbon pricing before that Ottawa needs, and refused to increase it in accordance with federal requirements, because Alberta is irritated by the vagueness that surrounds the pipeline of Trans Mountain. The leader of the conservative Party uni of Alberta, Jason Kenney, who is the favorite to win the elections alberta next year, has promised to completely remove the carbon price in Alberta, if he is elected.
Newfoundland has not made public the content of its proposed carbon plan submitted to Ottawa.
This leaves for the moment only the provinces of Quebec and British Columbia. The new prime minister of Quebec, François Legault, whose party, the Coalition avenir Quebec will form a majority government after the election of Monday, has the intention to maintain the system of cap-and-trade in Quebec. The new democrat government of British Columbia led by premier John Horgan already has a carbon tax of $ 35 a tonne, after having increased $ 5 last spring. British Columbia imposes a carbon tax since 2008.
Despite the fractured landscape provincial, Mr. Trudeau will stop not.
“As government, we have decided, and Canadians have asked us to do in 2015, set a price for pollution “, he said on Friday.
Climate change is ” the greatest of challenges to social and economic and geographic challenges of our time “, he added.
Federal officials say that there will be no problem to add Manitoba to the growing list of provinces that Ottawa will have to apply a carbon tax — but they are still not ready to say exactly how the revenue generated by the fee will be donated to the population in these provinces.
“We are still on track for implementation in regions where this is required by 1 January,” assured an official of the bureau of McKenna.
It is understood that the government must have in place all of the exams and the plans by the beginning of December if we want that the implementation date of January 1, is respected. An announcement on the functioning of the reductions in the price of carbon is likely to occur when Ottawa will announce which provinces did not comply with the federal standard.
There is some confusion as to the impact of all this opposition to the carbon price on the Fund for an economy with low carbon emissions of $ 1.4 billion. Only the provinces that are part of the pan-canadian Framework on the clean growth and climate change are expected to be eligible for the fund, and the amount of 420 million dollars of Ontario is “under review” following its decision to cancel the cap-and-trade as well as the modernization program, home automation GreenOn, which was to be partially funded by the federal money.
However, the head of the government, McKenna said this week that Manitoba’s share of the $ 66 million is not threatened, because the climate change plan of Manitoba to contain other elements that fit well with the fund. Ontario, she said, does not currently.