Photo: Martin Bureau Agence France-Presse
In Japan, the heatwave has caused dozens of deaths.
Arctic circle, Japan, Usa, Africa… The wave of the exceptional heat that suffocates the northern hemisphere for several weeks, has alarmed the mercury, which reached record levels in some places in Norway, Algeria or Russia.
“2018 is shaping up to be one of the hottest years ever recorded, with record high temperatures in many countries. This is not a surprise “, commented the deputy secretary-general of the world meteorological Organization (WMO) Elena Manaenkova.
These heat waves are ” consistent with the expected effects of climate change caused by greenhouse gas emissions. This is not a future scenario. It occurs now “, she insisted.
More than 30 °C at the polar circle
The situation is particularly exceptional in Northern Europe, where the thermometer rose to over 30 °C at the level of the arctic circle.
Record absolute temperature have been fought in Norway, with a 33.7 °C on July 18, to Drag or even 33 °C on 19 July to Lakselv, or more than 15 °C above normal, according to the Norwegian meteorological institute.
Another record, this time at night, at Makkaur, on the shores of the Barents sea, where on the 18th of July, the mercury did not descend under the 25.2 °C, according to the WMO.
A Record-also near the arctic circle at Kvikkjokk in Sweden with 32.5 °C on July 17, or in Finnish Lapland with 33.4 °C at Utsjoki Kevo on July 18, according to Météo-France.
In Siberia, the mercury has also reached a peak with 37.2 °C in Tompo the July 9 or 35.5 °C in Vanavara on June 26, according to the Agency national oceanic and atmospheric Usa (NOAA).
Other parts of Europe, Ireland, Great Britain or France, are also facing heat waves, which do not necessarily entail record at this point.
Photo: Bertrand Guay Agence France-Presse
More to the south, Spain, Italy, Greece or Turkey to know the opposite of below normal temperatures, according to the WMO.
41.1 °C in Japan
In Japan, where the heatwave has caused dozens of deaths, the national record heat has been beaten on 23 July at Kamagaya, with 41.1 °C, according to official data. On the same day, the 40 °C were for the first time exceeded in one locality of the metropolitan area of Tokyo.
Record african ?
Algeria recorded a 51,3 °C on 5 July in Ouargla in the Sahara, probably the temperature “the highest ever reported in Algeria by instruments that are reliable,” says the WMO.
According to Météo-France, it is in fact the record for the continent as a whole […] since we have identified reliable “. But if the WMO recognizes that the reliability of surveys in Africa during the colonial period, ” has been called into question “, she still considers the 55 °C recorded in 1931 in Kebili, in Tunisia, as the record african.
Morocco also registered a maximum national on July 3 at Bouarfa, with 43,4 °C, according to the WMO.
On the other hand, the Middle East, on the coast of the Sultanate of Oman, Quriyat, the mercury did not descend below 42.6 °C on 28 June, including the night, which could be the highest minimum temperature ever recorded, according to the WMO.
52 °C in the Valley of death
Some parts of the United States have also undergone a major heat wave, especially in California.
According to the WMO, records were beaten on July 6 at Chino (48,9 °C) and Burbank (45,6 °C), or July 7 in Van Nuys (Up 47.2 °C).
On 8 July, the resort of Furnace Creek, in death Valley, measured 52 °C. A temperature lower than is 56.7 °C July 10, 1913, officially the historical record in the world, but that is disputed by some experts.