Photo: Brendan Smialowski Agence France-Presse
The acting president of the world Bank, Kristalina Georgieva.
Women around the world are granted as three-fourths of the rights of men, according to a world Bank study published Wednesday, limiting their ability to get a job or start a business.
“If women had equal [to men] to achieve their full potential, the world would be not only more just, but also more prosperous,” said Kristalina Georgieva, the acting president of the world Bank, cited in a press release. She points out that many countries are implementing reforms are moving in the right direction. But ” 2.7 billion women still do not have the same choices as men in matters of employment “, she says.
This index, measuring equality between the sexes is part of a study entitled ” Women, business and law 2019 : a decade of reforms “. It is the result of a collection of data over the past ten years in 187 countries with eight indicators selected to measure the equality of rights between men and women. The study concludes that significant progress has been recorded since the global average has increased from 70 to 75 on a 100-point scale. In addition, 131 countries have agreed to conduct 274 reforms, adoption of laws or regulations to better integrate women.
The world Bank added that 35 countries, such as Bolivia or the Maldives, have introduced laws against sexual harassment in the workplace, protecting approximately two billion additional women. In total, 22 countries have also put an end to the restrictions imposed on the women who move away from de facto to certain sectors of the economy.
If women had an equal [to men] to achieve their full potential, the world would be not only more just, but also more prosperous
— Kristalina Georgieva
Among the good students, six countries — Belgium, Denmark, France, Latvia, Luxembourg, and Sweden — get the perfect score of 100, ” which means that men and women have equal rights in the areas measured “. A decade ago, no economy could boast of having obtained such a result, ” observes the Bank.
Downside : too many women still have to deal with laws that discriminate or regulations to all the strata of their professional life. Also, 56 countries simply have nothing changed in ten years.
By region, it is in South Asia progress has been the most important, even if the index remains at a low level (58,36, compared to 50 a decade ago) ; followed by the South-East Asia and the Pacific (70,73 against 64,80). Latin America and the Caribbean recorded the second largest among the emerging and developing countries (79,09).
In contrast, the region Middle East and North Africa show the lowest level in terms of equality between men and women (47,37). The world Bank notes, however, encouraging change, such as the introduction of laws against domestic violence, in particular in Algeria and in Lebanon.